10 Things To Avoid During Pregnancy That Can Cause Miscarriage

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There is a need to be extra cautious during pregnancy for some of the seemingly normal activities If done during can pose a risk of miscarriage and other health problems.

The fetus is supposed to remain in the womb till term (about 42 weeks) before delivery, but sometimes that doesn’t happen. There is an expulsion of the fetus from the womb, even before surviving on its own.

It is called a miscarriage. A risk factor of miscarriage is wearing too tight clothes when the baby bump is already showing. Even if you are used to wearing tight clothes, you would have to stop at some point in pregnancy.


When Should I Stop Wearing Tight Clothes?

By the 14th to 16th weeks of pregnancy, the belly would have started protruding.

By the 18th to the 22nd week, the waistline thickens. Wearing tight clothes will become difficult at this stage, so this is the ideal time to stop wearing tight and constricting clothes and opt for something more comfortable that does not restrict your movements or cause pains, lines, or marks in the body when you wear them.


Can I Wear High-Waist Jean’s During Pregnancy?

Before your baby bump starts showing, and if it is comfortable for you, you can wear high-waist jeans, but once you have started having a belly bump, wearing high-waist jeans will not be practical.

First, it will be very uncomfortable and tighten the abdomen, and it will put a strain on the bump and causes pain, so It is not something you want to try.

If you want to wear something high-waist, opt for stretchy pants like maternity leggings made with belly bands to support the belly bump and are not so tight.

They are more comfortable. You can also get high-waist skirts in stretchy material; they are also comfortable.


What Not To Wear During Pregnancy?

Below is a list of some clothing that you should avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage.

  • Tight clothes that cause redline or marks in the skin.
  • High stiletto of above 2 inches. It can cause imbalance, swollen feet, and painful feet. It is also very uncomfortable. Wear Kitchen heels instead and in a size that is a bit bigger, and it should not be more than 2 inches high.
  • Leather clothes. Leather causes severe heat, especially in pregnancy. You do not want to risk hypothermia where your body temperature becomes very high.
  • Too tight socks.
  • Shoes that are too tight.
  • Non-breathable fabrics or clothes with too many designs.


Mistakes To Avoid During Pregnancy.

Below are some pregnancy mistakes that many women make. Naturally, you would want to avoid these.

  • Skipping meals because of lack of appetite.
  • Inconsistency in taking prenatal vitamins or avoiding them together.
  • Choosing to become inactive and avoiding exercise.
  • Eating incorrectly or eating unhealthy meals because you crave them.
  • The belief is that pregnancy is like every other time, so you do not watch what you do or eat.
  • Stress.
  • Overdose of prenatal vitamins.
  • Taking drugs without approval by the Doctor.
  • Buying maternity clothes as early as the first trimester.
  • Not seeing a doctor early.

Below are some things to avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage and other health problems for you and your baby.


1.  Contact Sports

Either from early on in the pregnancy or late in pregnancy, high contact sports like boxing, wrestling, Ice-hockey, and basketball are things to avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage, as they pose risks of miscarriage to the growing fetus and the possibility of fetal injury is there.

Like in wrestling and boxing, the punches can mistakenly hit the baby bump and cause injuries. In football, there are chances of fall or the opponent kicking you or the ball hitting the baby bump, which can cause the risks of premature separation from the uterine wall, fetal injury, preterm labor, stillbirth, and loss of pregnancy.

Since high contact sports involve many physical activities and strength, it would be best to avoid it throughout pregnancy.


2.  High-Risk Sports Activities

Anything that is naturally risky and may lead to falls or injuries are things to avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage.

Even if you are a pro at sky or Bungee jumping on a regular day, be wise to avoid these at this time because you may put your life and that of your baby at risk.

As the pregnancy grows and the baby bump gets bigger, the girth of the abdomen increases, increasing gravity towards the bottom. It makes it more work for the pregnant woman to stand t upright.

It also puts more strain on the body, so sometimes women may lose balance. Now imagine your heavily pregnant Bungee jumping or diving out of the helicopter, even water skiing.

Yes, you could pull through without any issues, but there are odds, so it is better to avoid those high-impact and high fall activities for the period of pregnancy.

Other high-impact activities to avoid include rock climbing, surfing, biking etc. These fall-prone activities involve a lot of skill, and you can quickly lose balance, especially as the gravity shifts.


3.  Strenuous Sports And Exercise

Being active and exercising in pregnancy is something you do not want to miss, for exercise keeps you within the ideal weight range and makes you have a belly-only pregnancy.

However, some selected exercises fit pregnant women, like prenatal yoga and walking swimming, suitable for pregnant swimming. Engaging in strenuous activities poses the risk of miscarriage in pregnancy.

Some exercises to avoid in pregnancy are; High altitude exercises like mountain climbing, skydiving; bouncing activities like skipping, jumping, running, aerobics, kickboxing.

Exercises that cause too much heat that can raise the body temperature, exploring the deep sea are things to avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage.

The change in water temperature puts you at risk of decompression illness. Others are jogging, carrying heavy weights, etc. While exercising during pregnancy, make the workout time shorter and opt for easier or less strenuous activities. Of course, do not overlook anyone signal and give yourself breaks.


4.  Smoking

On a regular day, smoking is risky to the smoker and the person who inhales it. It is even worse for a pregnant woman and her growing fetus.

The baby in the womb does not take the air independently and solely depends on the mother for oxygen. The oxygen gets to the baby through the bloodstream.

A stick of cigarettes contains chemicals like nicotine, arsenic, carbon monoxide. All these can cross the placenta barrier and may get to the growing fetus causing the risks of low birth weight, developmental delays in the fetus, placenta Previa and miscarriages.

The chemicals can also restrict the flow of blood oxygen in the body resulting in developmental delays. If you are used to smoking, quitting at once would be difficult as it is challenging to stop independently.

The best thing to do is to get professional help. Specializations can help fix you up with suitable support groups to make the job easier, as doing it alone could be challenging.

Aside from smoking, if you are exposed to smoke, maybe through your job, you put your baby at risk of developmental delay and miscarriage. This exposure is called secondary exposure.

Women with any of these jobs like firewoman, traffic warden, fuel attendance are at risk of secondary exposure to smoke and fumes and should be very careful. They should see their employer for changes or find alternative jobs. Inhaling toxic smoke is a thing to avoid during pregnancy that can cause miscarriage.


5.  Caffeine Intake

The chemical caffeine is found in many food products like drugs, chocolate bars, teas, energy drinks, cola, coffee. Caffeine is a stimulant and a diuretic. It is usually known to boost energy levels and alertness in the body.

Caffeine can stimulate the brain and the central nervous system helping mental alertness, plus it contains some antioxidants that are safe for consumption.

But if you are pregnant, you may want to hold off from taking too many cups of coffee every morning and night or even taking too many soft drinks as they also contain caffeine and can pose a risk to your growing child.

In pregnancy, the body metabolizes caffeine slowly compared to Before, so taking too much can build-up up this chemical in the body. Avoiding caffeine in pregnancy isn’t the issue here.

You can take caffeine while pregnant. The American College of obstetricians and gynaecologists states that less than 200 mg caffeine intake per day may not pose any danger or health risk, but how do we begin to measure this?

As I stated earlier, some soft drinks, chocolate, Coke, energy drinks will consume all they contain caffeine. Tea and coffee have the highest amount of caffeine.

The chemical caffeine can cross the placenta and enter the baby’s bloodstream. It can pose a risk of miscarriage, low birth weight, congenital disabilities, and fertility problems in the infant later in life.

For the mother, It could cause high blood pressure, dizzy feelings, diarrhea m abdominal pain, restlessness, and other effects.

To avoid sticking above the recommended range, you may want to skip the cups of coffee you drink every morning and night, as these are things to avoid during pregnancy that can cause miscarriage. Instead, opt for decaffeinated coffee And tea like green tea and limit intake of sugary drinks.


6.  Overheating In Pregnancy

The woman’s body temperature is usually elevated around 0.4 above average body temperature in pregnancy; however, it is nothing to worry about.
A temperature above 102.2 degrees Fahrenheit, about 39.20 degrees Celsius, especially in the first trimester, puts the woman and her unborn child at risk.

The elevated temperature can affect fetal development causing risk of miscarriage, congenital disabilities, disruption of brain development, disruption of the formation of the spinal cord in the uterus.

The early pregnancy temperature range should be 102.2 degrees Fahrenheit. Anything above that is called overheating Or hyperthermia.

Some things to avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage due to overheating are; staying in the hot weather for so long, soaking in a hot bath or Jacuzzi for long, staying in a sauna or hot tub, exercising for long hours, especially in the hot weather without taking breaks, workings outdoor on a hot day for an extended. Hyperthermia causes risks to the foetus like;

  • Stillbirth.
  • Congenital heart defect.
  • Neural tube defect.
  • Spinal Bifida.
  • Anencephaly and encephalocele.

Overheating for extended periods regularly in pregnancy would cause dehydration and may reduce the amniotic fluid levels, and the low amniotic fluid level is called oligohydramnios.

It can cause a higher risk of miscarriage, preterm labor, and stillbirth. Keeping hydrated and taking fluids like water, green tea, and fruits with juices is wise.

If you want to go out to dress appropriately, do not wear thick clothes that may cause overheating, stay in a well-ventilated environment, avoid extremely strenuous exercises and give breaks sauna or Jacuzzi could be relaxing. Still, up for a warm bath instead; after pregnancy, you can enjoy them.


7.  Bug Sprays

In the form of pesticides, repellents, or insecticides, these are things to avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage.

They are poisonous to a pregnant woman, And she should avoid inhaling them. The bug spray can contain some chemicals. One is DEET, called diethyltoluamide.

Inhaling these chemicals or even exposure to the skin in high amounts can cause the risks of congenital disabilities as they could pass to the growing fetus and cause fetal injury, especially in the early weeks of pregnancy.

Injuries like spinal formation problems, even a miscarriage can be caused When this is inhaled. These chemicals can cross the placenta Barrier, causing congenital disabilities, Neural tube defects, Spinal Bifida Fertility problems, and many more.


8.  Cat Feces

The toxin toxoplasmosis is present in cat feces and causes an infection called toxoplasmosis. It can seriously affect a growing fetus causing risk of defects such as eye and brain damage, poor growth, preterm labor, and even miscarriage.

To avoid contact with the toxin, you shouldn’t change or clean litter boxes mean for cats during pregnancy. If you have to do so, use gloves and a mask and wash your hands and clothes thoroughly after doing that.

Your other family members can be responsible for cleaning up the kitchen boxes why you are pregnant to ensure that you are not exposed. Wash and cook all food items thoroughly before consumption.

While gardening, wear gloves as you may contact it that way. You should be wash fruits thoroughly before eating.


9.  Use Of Drugs

The over-the-counter drugs do not have to be prescribed by the Doctor as they are generally safe for all and sundry to treat specific ailments.

But when it comes to a pregnant woman, not all over-the-counter drugs are safe as some could be harmful and pose the risk of miscarriage and congenital disabilities for the baby.

If you are on any medication before pregnancy, maybe for a condition like diabetes or hypertension, taking your regular drugs after you are found out that you are pregnant without informing your Doctor is risky for your baby.

For the pregnant mama who is into sports, recreational drugs may be an excellent aid for you. Still, now that you are carrying a baby, you should discontinue its use as recreational drugs cause a high risk of preterm labor delayed growth, poor growth, learning, and behavioral problems. The baby may become a born addict of such drugs.

Drugs do have a lot of chemicals that can affect a baby in so many ways. See your Doctor for an appropriate over-the-counter drug that you can take During pregnancy.

Do not take any drug Because You do not have to fill in the prescription Before taking it. There are drugs suitable for pregnant women with conditions like diabetes Or hypertension.

Since you are pregnant and have any of these conditions, see your Doctor and get the one ideal For you In pregnancy. If you are Sick when pregnant, Do not assume that it is a minor symptom. See your Doctor for the appropriate treatment.

Those in the use of recreational drugs should discontinue Immediately they find out they are pregnant And see the Doctor for advice. Your Doctor, a professional, Should always guide the use of drugs or any medication in pregnancy.


10.  Certain Foods

Foods play a massive role in pregnancy. In pregnancy, the taste bud is active, and the cravings are there.

Many women want to try out different variety of foods, and it is a good thing. Women can try out a variety of healthy and wholesome meals, for they need these nutrients to meet the increasing demand for the fetus.

However, you should avoid some particular food because they pose risks of miscarriage, congenital disabilities, and other problems to the Unborn child. Bacteria like listeria, salmonella, toxoplasmosis may contaminate these foods etc. Foods to avoid during pregnancy are:

  • Soft or unpasteurized cheese Like brie, Combert And feta cheeses.
  • Unpasteurized milk, Juice Apple cider.
  • Raw or undercooked meat.
  • Raw or partially cooked egg.
  • Liver and other products with too much vitamin A.
  • Unwashed fruits and vegetables.
  • Improperly cooked food.
  • Raw or on undercooked fishes, fish like Shark, Tuna, Tilefish, etc., contains Mercury.


11.  Pate And Meat Spread

These are things to avoid during pregnancy that could cause miscarriage. Try to cook things properly before eating; it will help a lot to reduce the risk of toxins and bacteria is to a great extent.

It would be best to avoid Fish with Mercury. You should wash raw foods and vegetables before eating.


12.  Exposure To Chemicals

The fumes from paint, If it is regularly inhaled, Are poisonous to the body. Increasing lead exposure can cause miscarriage, preterm labor, and developmental delays. Take note that tap water from metal pipes causes lead poisoning.

Peeling paint, Sprays Some air fresheners, Aerosols, some cleaning products that contain strong chemicals, deodorant with chemicals (called naphthalene can cause severe defects) are all things to avoid during pregnancy can cause miscarriage.

These chemicals are harmful to a pregnant woman. The general rule is to be mindful and generally avoid inhaling anything that has or contains chemicals.

Stay In a well-ventilated environment. If you have to paint your baby nursery, Get someone to do it for you. Wash your body thoroughly when you use any chemicals. You can use natural products like baking soda Or borax to clean instead of inhaling chemicals.


13.  Too Tight Clothes

Wearing very tight clothes, especially if the reason is to hide a baby bump, is unadvisable in pregnancy. It can cause pain in the midsection, Varicose vein, Pressure, and strain.

Now, many women are unsure of the correct type of clothes to wear during pregnancy and how much clothes can be too tight. Mostly it depends on how you feel.

If you feel comfortable in the tight dress, go ahead, but if you feel choked up, then you may want to go for something much more comfortable. Ensure that the clothes or pants that you wear do not leave a red mark on your skin. Some effects of extremely tight garments are:

  • Heartburn; if a cloth is too tight in the waist area, it may seem like the food you have eaten is pushed upward.
  • Pressure in the stomach.
  • It causes an increased risk of yeast infection because wearing too tight underwear can reduce circulation, there will be no air to get to the vagina, and it increases the rate of a yeast infection.
  • It may also cause undue pressure in the abdominal area and increased leg swelling.
    Wearing freer clothes helps to elevate the uterus fundus and soften the uterus and abdomen, reducing abdominal tension, risk of miscarriage, and preterm delivery. There are no conclusive thoughts relating to the use of tight clothes in pregnancy. Still, everyone agrees that wearing too tight clothes, especially when the aim of doing this is to hide the baby bump, causes discomfort and poses a risk to the child. As you avoid wearing too tight clothes, also avoid wearing too tight socks and shoes. These are some essential things to avoid during pregnancy that can cause miscarriage. If you avoid most of these things stated above, your pregnancy will be with lesser risk of miscarriage, and you are assured of birthing a healthy baby.

Save this for later mama! 

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Author: Thrivingmum

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